Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to the Coronavirus
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Millcreek of Pontotoc Treatment Center to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Millcreek of Pontotoc Treatment Center.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html

Causes & Effects of Conduct Disorder

Learn how to recognize the signs and symptoms of conduct disorder and get help for your child, teen, or young adult.

Understanding Conduct Disorder

Learn about conduct disorder

Conduct disorder is a psychological disorder characterized by a pattern of disruptive and violent behaviors that is diagnosed in childhood or adolescents. While it is not uncommon for children or teens to have behavior-related problems at some point during their development, it is when their behavior violates the rights of others, goes against societal norms, or disrupts daily life that it is considered to be possibly symptomatic of conduct disorder.

The behavior associated with conduct disorder is long-lasting and leads to disruptions in all areas of a child’s life. Additionally, these behaviors occur frequently and are distressingly consistent across time, settings, and families. Furthermore, children with conduct disorder function poorly across all settings. If not properly treated, the consequences of conduct disorder can leave a child struggling with emotional difficulties, have difficulties with the law, or even fail academically. However, there are effective treatment options available for conduct disorder that can reduce symptoms and minimize the potential lasting effects for those struggling with this mental illness.

Statistics

Conduct disorder statistics

It is estimated that 2-16% of children have conduct disorder in the United States. It is one of the most prevalent categories of mental health disorders in children in the United States. Additionally, conduct disorder is much more common in boys than in girls, and tends to occur most often in late childhood or early adolescence. It is estimated that it occurs in about 9% of males and 2% of females.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for conduct disorder

Just like many other mental health disorders, it is still not known what exactly causes conduct disorder, but it is commonly believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychosocial factors. Some of the most common explanations include the following:

Genetic: Many children and adolescents have family members who have been diagnosed with mental illnesses. This suggests that a vulnerability to developing conduct disorder may be, at least in some way, inherited.

Physical:  Some studies suggest that defects or injuries to certain areas of the brain can lead to the development of conduct disorder. Additionally, multiple neuroimaging studies have observed functional and structural differences in the brain of those with conduct disorder. When the neural circuits in these regions do not work properly, conduct disorder symptoms may arise.

Environmental: Factors such as growing up in a dysfunctional family, being abused as a child, as well as other environmental factors has been known to contribute to the development of conduct disorder. Additionally, other factors such as inconsistent parenting, being from a large family, having a caregiver with a criminal history, being exposed to trauma, and being rejected by peers can also contribute to an eventual diagnosis of conduct disorder. 

Risk Factors:

  • Being male
  • Family history of conduct disorder or other mental illness
  • Not being accepted by peers
  • Preexisting mental illness
  • Family history of criminal activity
  • Lack of guilt and remorse
  • Deficits in cognitive processing
  • Low socioeconomic status
  • Residing in an urban setting
  • Exposure to abuse, neglect, or other traumas

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of conduct disorder

The symptoms displayed by a child with conduct disorder will be different depending upon the age of the child and whether the disorder is mild, moderate, or severe. Symptoms for conduct disorder are divided into four different categories, including aggression, destruction, deceitfulness, and violation of the rules. Symptoms associated with each category are listed below:

Aggressive behavior:

  • Being cruel to others or animals
  • Using weapons
  • Forcing another person to engage in sexual activity against his or her will
  • Fighting
  • Causing or threatening physical harm
  • Bullying
  • Feeling excessively irritable 

Destructive behavior:

  • Destruction of property
  • Arson
  • Vandalism 

Deceitful behavior: 

  • Repeated lying
  • Shoplifting
  • Breaking into homes or cars 

Violation of rules: 

  • Running away
  • Skipping school
  • Playing pranks
  • Not following set curfews
  • Going against accepted rules of society
  • Engaging in behavior that is not appropriate for child’s age
  • Being sexually active at a young age 

Effects

Effects of conduct disorder

The behaviors demonstrated by children with conduct disorder often lead to blaming, labeling, and other unproductive activities. These children are often ostracized by other children, and parents of children with this disorder are sometimes viewed as being bad parents. Additionally, the presence of this disorder can lead to the development of a whole host of negative consequences that will only get worse in the future. The following are examples of possible effects that can arise when conduct disorder is left untreated:

  • Development of another mental health disorder
  • School related problems, such as failing or dropping out
  • Substance abuse and addiction
  • Legal problems
  • Engaging in sexual behaviors at an earlier age
  • Self-harm
  • Injury to others
  • Sexually transmitted diseases or infections
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Unplanned pregnancy
  • Engaging in risky behaviors
  • Family difficulties
  • Problems making and/or keeping friends
  • Suicidal ideation and behaviors

Co-Occurring Disorders

Conduct disorder and co-occurring disorders

In addition to conduct disorder, it is possible to have another mental health condition at the same time. The listed mental health conditions are frequently present in those with conduct disorder:

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Substance use disorders
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Communication disorders
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Learning disorders
  • Depressive disorders
  • Bipolar disorder

I feel so much happier and healthier after getting help at Millcreek of Pontotoc.

– A former patient